Zamia pumila

Coontie

  • Family: Zamiaceae
  • Form: Evergreen, herbaceous gymnosperm, reaching 1-3 ft.
  • Leaves: Pinnately compound, linear, highly variable, often twisted: parallel venation, leathery. Leaflets approx. 3 ft. long, and 4-6 in. length by 25 in. wide. Bearing 5-30 pairs of leaflets, dark green and glossy
  • Stem/Bark: None
  • Flower: Dioecious, staminate (male) long and slender. Pistillate (female) shorter and wider than male. Megasporophyll (holds seeds) and Microsporophyll (holds pollen). Length 3-6 in. Shape elongated
  • Fruit: Naked seeds are formed in female cones and have a red to orange fleshly seed coat. Seed are approximately 1 in. long
  • Comments: Zamia pumila is Florida ’s only native cycad. It can be distinguished from the non-native Zamia furfuracea by its narrower, twisted leaflets and overall smaller size
  • Additional Resources: IFAS document (pdf)
plant image here
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